Social Skills and Bullying Resources

    The lowdown on sexting

    Everything you wanted to know about this teen smut trend but were afraid to ask.
    Click this link to read the article

    NY Times article on cyberbullying

    A useful article on bullying and dealing with bullying in the digital age.
    To read the article click on this link.

    NY Times article on cyberbullying and Schools

    Cyberbullying and Schools: The New York times has an extensive article on online bullying and Schools. The article covers a number of topics and points to the need for parents and schools to be actively engaged in managing online social networks. For those unfamiliar with it, it also has information on one of the more disturbing new developments in online bullying
    Click this link to read the New York times article on online bullying and Schools.

    Social Skill Evaluation

    Social Skills Legislation

    Social Skill Research

      Modeling Prosocial Behavior Increases Helping in Young Children

      NASAT reports that "Shortly after they turn 1, most babies begin to help others, whether by handing their mother an object out of her reach or giving a sibling a toy that has fallen. Researchers have long studied how this helping behavior develops, but why it develops has been examined less. A new study looked at the role of imitation to find that when 16-month-olds observe others' helping behavior, they're more likely to be helpful themselves. The findings come from researchers at the University of Münster and Free University Berlin in Germany. They appear in Child Development, a journal of the Society for Research in Child Development. "Our study is the first to demonstrate that observing helping, or prosocial, behavior in others affects infants' prosocial behavior and provides a critical mechanism in early prosocial development," says Joscha Kärtner, professor of developmental psychology at the University of Münster and senior author of the study."
      Click this link to read about the study.

      Young Victims of Cyberbullying Twice as Likely to Attempt Suicide and Self-harm, Study Finds

      NASAT reports that "A new study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine has determined that poorer childhood cognition occurred, particularly in memory and learning, when pregnant women or their offspring consumed greater quantities of sugar. Substituting diet soda for sugar-sweetened versions during pregnancy also appeared to have negative effects. However, children's fruit consumption had beneficial effects and was associated with higher cognitive scores. Research is increasingly focusing on the adverse impact of sugar consumption on health, especially high-fructose corn syrup. Sugar consumption among Americans is above recommended limits, and the Current Dietary Guidelines for Americans emphasize the importance of reducing calories from added sugars. They are incorporated into foods and beverages during preparation or processing, with sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) being the greatest contributor in Americans' diets"
      Click this link to read about the study.

      Third and fourth graders who own cell phones are more likely to be cyberbullied

      NASAT reports that "Most research on cyberbullying has focused on adolescents. But a new study that examined cell phone ownership among children in third to fifth grades finds they may be particularly vulnerable to cyberbullying. The study abstract, "Cell Phone Ownership and Cyberbullying in 8-11 Year Olds: New Research," will be presented Monday, Sept. 18 at the American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference & Exhibition in Chicago. Researchers collected survey data on 4,584 students in grades 3, 4 and 5 between 2014 and 2016. Overall, 9.5 percent of children reported being a victim of cyberbullying. Children who owned cell phones were significantly more likely to report being a victim of cyberbullying, especially in grades 3 and 4."
      Click this link to read about the study.

      Childhood bullying may lead to increased chronic disease risk in adulthood

      NASAT reports that "Being bullied during childhood might have lifelong health effects related to chronic stress exposure -- including an increased risk for heart disease and diabetes in adulthood, according to a research review in the March/April issue of the Harvard Review of Psychiatry. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer. Recent advances in understanding of the negative health effects of chronic stress highlight a pressing need to clarify the longer-term health implications of childhood bullying, according to the review by Susannah J. Tye, PhD, of the Mayo Clinic and colleagues. "Bullying, as a form of chronic social stress, may have significant health consequences if not addressed early," Dr. Tye comments. "We encourage child health professionals to assess both the mental and physical health effects of bullying.""
      Click this link to read about the study.

      School bullying linked to lower academic achievement

      NASAT reports that "A study that tracked hundreds of children from kindergarten through high school found that chronic or increasing levels of bullying were related to lower academic achievement, a dislike of school and low confidence by students in their own academic abilities, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association. While pop culture often depicts more frequent bullying in high school, the study found that bullying was more severe and frequent in elementary school and tended to taper off for most students as they got older. However, 24 percent of the children in the study suffered chronic bullying throughout their school years, which was consistently related to lower academic achievement and less engagement in school, said lead researcher Gary Ladd, PhD, a psychology professor at Arizona State University."
      Click this link to read about the study.

      Cyberbullying in female college students

      Medscape reports that "Cyberbullying has been linked to a markedly increased risk for depression and problem alcohol use in college students, new research suggests. A survey study of more than 200 female college students showed that those who were involved with cyberbullying in any way were almost three times more likely to meet criteria for clinical depression than those with no cyberbullying experience. In addition, cyberbullying perpetrators had more than four times the odds of depression and problem drinking compared with nonbullies."
      Click this link to download a pdf of the study.

      Both Bullies and the Victims or Bullying are at significantly higher risk for later Psychosis

      Medscape reports that "Bullying during childhood, whether as a victim or a perpetrator, may increase the risk of developing psychotic experiences in early adulthood, new research suggests. A community-based study of more than 4700 participants from the United Kingdom showed that those who were bullied at the age of 10 years were more than twice as likely to suffer from episodes of psychosis by the age of 18 as those who were never bullied. Interestingly, children who reported doing the bullying themselves were almost 5 times more likely to have psychotic experiences by the age of 18 years.
      Click this link to read more about the study.

      Bullying Exerts Psychiatric Effects Into Adulthood

      Once considered a childhood rite of passage, bullying lingers well into adulthood. Bullies and victims alike are at risk for psychiatric problems such as anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and suicide when they become adults, reported a study partially funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) that was published in the April issue of JAMA Psychiatry.
      Click this link to read a review of the article on the NIMH webpage
      Click this link to read the abstract of the article.

      Cyberbullying Research Center

      For parents, teachers, law enforcement officers, and educators (as well as older youth), the Cyberbully Research Center provides up-to-date evidence about cyberbullying.

      Adolescents think School Bullying will keep on happening and resign themselves to it

      A new study finds that teens come to think of bullying as normal.

    Social Skill Resources

      Stop Bullying Now

      The U.S. Departments of Health and Human Services and Education have launched a redesigned Stop Bullying website to encourage children, parents, teachers and communities to take action to stop and prevent bullying. The website has a map with information on state laws and policies (including NY State) and videos for young people, along with practical strategies for schools and communities to make sure that environments are safe. It also includes suggestions on how parents can discuss bullying with their children and information on the dangers of cyberbullying and ways to prevent it.
      Click this link to go to the Stop Bullying Now website
      Click this link to go to the US Map to see State laws
      Click this link to go to see NY State laws related to bulling
      Click this link for information on cyberbullying

      Michelle Garcia Winner's Social Thinking

      Michelle Garcia Winner's web site provides a range of intervention strategies and curriculum for individuals who struggle with social thinking. These individuals can include individuals diagnosed with: Asperger Syndrome, Autism, ADHD, Nonverbal Learning Disorders, and Other Social and Communicative Challenges. Many of the materials on the website are specifically targeted for individuals with average to high average cognitive skills.
      Click on this link to go to the Social Thinking website

      Teens against Bullying

      This site is an interactive website especially designed for adolescents with a ton of information on and about bullying. The website had useful information for teens and adults dealing with teens on what bullying is, how to recognize it, and how to respond to bullying.
      Click this link to go to the site

      Kids against Bullying

      Kids against Bullying is the kids version of the Teens against Bullying web page. It covers much of the same information but is targeted at elementary school aged children.
      Kids against Bullying

      Out on a Limb: a Guide to Getting Along

      This website provides useful activities for children to learn some basic social skill concepts through an interactive web based format. Concepts taught include how to react to negative social interactions (loud choice, quiet choice, or the think and share choice.  Information is also included on reading body language and facial expressions.
      Out on a Limb: a Guide to Getting Along

      Stop Bullying: Speak Up campaign

      In 2010, the Cartoon Network launched this website.
      Click this link to go to the Stop Bullying: Speak Up campaign.

      It Gets Better Project

      The "It Gets Better Project" was also launched to support lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth who were bullied or harassed at school.
      Click this link to go to the "It Gets Better Project"

    Social Skill Treatment

      Family Dinners may help Kids cope with cyberbullying

      Medscape reports that "Like victims of face-to-face bullying, kids who experience internet bullying are vulnerable to mental health and substance use problems - but spending more time communicating with their parents may help protect them from these harmful consequences...For example, the researchers found, regular family dinners seemed to help kids cope with online bullying. But they say talk time with parents in cars or other settings can also help protect against the effects of cyberbullying."
      Click this link to read more about the study.
      Click this link to read the abstract.

Social Skill Quicklinks

Federal Guidance on Bullying and Cyberbullying - 11/23/13
US State Bullying laws
NY State Bullying laws
Information on cyberbullying

© Copyright, all rights reserved Daniel J. DeMarle, Ph.D. 2014