Health and Healthy Living

    Building Healthy Brains

      Research leads to new brain map

      8/7/16
      Updated Brain Map Identifies Nearly 100 New Regions
      Click this link to read the article..

      Information on brain development

      4/27/14
      The brain is a marvelous organ. which grows throughout childhood and adolescence. The attached article explains the basics of how the brain grows.
      Click this link to read the article..

      New Research: Childhood Music Lessons Have Neural Benefit Decades Later

      12/1/13
      New research shows brain benefits from early music lessons decades later. Results of this study showed that the subjects in the study who had had early music training (between 4 to 14 years of music training early in life), had a faster neurologic response to the targeted speech sound, on the order of about 1 millisecond. This was despite the fact that many subjects in the study had not played an instrument in nearly 40 years. In reviewing the study,, Medscape reports that "Commenting on these findings in a press release issued by the Journal of Neuroscience, Michael Kilgard, PhD, who studies how the brain processes sound at the University of Texas at Dallas and was not involved in this study, said, "Being a millisecond faster may not seem like much, but the brain is very sensitive to timing and a millisecond compounded over millions of neurons can make a real difference in the lives of older adults." "These findings confirm that the investments that we make in our brains early in life continue to pay dividends years later," Dr. Kilgard added."
      Click this link to read the abstract of the study.

      Blueberry Juice

      Recent research has shown that the first evidence from human research that daily consumption of blueberry juice improves memory. Blueberries are one of the richest sources of healthful antioxidants and other so-called phytochemicals. In this study the research had one group of individuals in their 70s with early memory decline drink the equivalent of 2-2 l/2 cups of a commercially available blueberry juice every day for two months. A second control group drank a beverage without blueberry juice. The individuals drinking blueberry juice group showed significant improvement on learning and memory tests. This is a preliminary study with a very small sample group. Additional research is needed to replicate and expand the findings from this very small study
      Click this link to read the article
      .

    Brain Training Programs

      So you're thinking about train-the-brain therapies?

      7/13/01
      A nice review of the positives and negatives of brain-training therapies.
      Click this link to read the article.

      Brain Fitness Training Improves Memory in Seniors

      9/4/11
      New research has shown that older adults who participated in a brain training program and who also received "health education on the value of a diet rich in antioxidants, the importance of daily physical exercise and stress reduction" improved in their self-perceived memory, which the study authors note is an important factor in maintaining a positive outlook on life.
      To read about the study click this link.

    Breast Feeding

      Breastfeeding protects against Diabetes

      12/7/15
      New Research shows that "New evidence has emerged on the role that breastfeeding could have in preventing diabetes. Early results from a Canadian study suggest that breastfeeding reduces the risk of mothers and their offspring developing the condition."
      Click this link to read the abstract of the article.

      Breastfeeding lowers risk for Childhood Leukemia

      6/5/15
      New Research shows that "Breast-feeding for at least 6 months was associated with a lower risk for childhood leukemia compared with breast-feeding for a short time or not at all, according to an article published online June 1 in JAMA Pediatrics. Leukemia accounts for about 30% of all childhood cancers, but its causes are poorly understood. Incidence increased from 1975 through 2011 at a rate of about 0.7% per year."
      Click this link to read the abstract of the article.

      Breastfeeding linked to higher intelligence and educational attainment and income at 30 years of age

      3/22/15
      New Research shows that "Breastfeeding is associated with improved performance in intelligence tests 30 years later, and might have an important effect in real life, by increasing educational attainment and income in adulthood."
      Click this link to read the pdf of the article.

      Working Moms have new breastfeeding rights under the Afordable Care Act

      8/9/14
      Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), employers must provide time and space for new mothers to express milk for their babies until the child turns one year old. "This is a terrific opportunity to show businesses that lactation is important and that women should be accorded the right to provide milk for their babies," said Dr. Richard J. Schanler, director of neonatal services at Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York in New Hyde Park. This requirement has been "sort of on the books for a while," Schanler told Reuters Health, but the ACA provision makes the rule concrete.
      Click this link to read the article.

      New Research: Longer Breastfeeding tied to better development

      12/29/13
      Children who were breastfed for more than six months scored the highest on cognitive, language and motor development tests as toddlers, in a new study from Greece. Medscape notes that "Most evidence "pretty clearly shows there are significant medical benefits of breast-feeding," Dr. Dimitri Christakis told Reuters Health in an email. Christakis, who directs the Center for Child Health, Behavior and Development at Seattle Children's Research Institute, was not involved in the new study."
      Click this link to read the abstract of the article.

      New Research: New Clinical Report on Drugs and Breast Feeding

      11/30/13
      Many breastfeeding women are advised to stop taking necessary medications or to discontinue nursing because of potential harmful effects on their infants. The reality is that few medications are contraindicated in breastfeeding mothers. This new report reviews the literature and finds that most drugs do not need to be stopped during breast feeding.
      Click this link to read the Clinical Report.

      Breast Fed Babies are smarter at 14 months

      9/23/11
      A new study finds that babies who are primarily breast fed during the first year of life have higher cognitive scores at 14 months of life. The researchers believe the higher rates of Omega 3s and 6s in breast milk may be the reason for the difference.
      Click this link to read a pdf of the Medscape article.

      Breast Fed Babies have few behavioral problems as children

      5/13/11
      A new recent study finds that breast feeding leads to few behavioral problems in children. The authors speculate that this may be due to the fact that bread feed children receive more essential fatty acids through breast milk.
      Click this link to read a pdf of the Medscape article.

    Early Intervention

      Birth to Five: Watch Me Thrive

      11/16/14
      Birth to 5: Watch Me Thrive! is a coordinated federal effort to encourage healthy child development, universal developmental and behavioral screening for children, and support for the families and providers who care for them. The Website provides a wealth of information and a number of downloadable pdfs.
      Click this link to go to the website.

      The Compendium of Screening Measures for Young Children (PDF) is a collection of research-based screening tools for children under the age of 5. Practitioners in early care and education, primary health care, child welfare, and mental health can use this reference to learn cost, administration time, quality level, training required, and age range covered for each screening tool.
      Click this link to download the PDF of the Comendium.


    Exercise

      Veterans Health Administration: Be Physically Active

      3/31/17
      Avoid inactivity. Some activity is better than none. Aim for at least 2 1/2 hours of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week. Every 10 minute session counts. Do strengthening activities at least 2 days each week.



      NIH Physical Activity and Cancer

      2/24/17
      "There is substantial evidence that higher levels of physical activity are linked to lower risks of several cancers"
      Click on this link to read the article..

      Physically Active Children are Less Depressed

      2/7/17
      NASAT reports that "Previous studies have shown that adults and young people who are physically active have a lower risk of developing depression. But the same effect has not been studied in children -- until now. Results from a new study are showing that children receive the same beneficial effect from being active. We're talking about moderate to vigorous physical activity that leaves kids sweaty or out of breath. Researchers at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and NTNU Social Research have followed hundreds of children over four years to see if they could find a correlation between physical activity and symptoms of depression"
      Click on this link to read the article..

      Exercise can help adults better cope with ADHD symptoms

      2/10/17
      Exercise, even a small amount, can help alleviate symptoms of ADHD in adults, according to a recent study by University of Georgia researchers. The study, released in the journal Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, found a single bout of exercise has psychological benefits for adults with these elevated ADHD symptoms. About 6 percent of American adults report symptoms consistent with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, which lead to anxiety, depression, low energy and motivation, poor performance at work or school and also increased traffic accidents.
      Click this link to go to the article to the FDA..

      Exercise May Cut Behavior Issues In Half

      1/10/17
      Disabilityscoop reports that "Researchers say there may be a simple way to reduce challenging behaviors among those with autism and similar disorders during the school day — add in some exercise. A new study looking at the impact of structured, aerobic exercise in kids on the spectrum and those with other behavioral disorders found that youngsters who participated in “cybercycling” at school as opposed to traditional physical education classes were far less likely to act out."
      Click on this link to read the Disabilityscoop article..
      Click this link to download the pdf of the study..

      Physical Activity and Preventing Depression in Children

      1/5/17
      Medscape reports that "Children who get more exercise may have fewer symptoms of depression than their peers who are less active, a recent study suggests. Researchers used activity trackers to see how much physical activity children got, then interviewed kids and their parents to assess whether kids had symptoms of depression. When kids got more moderate to vigorous physical activity at ages 6 and 8, they were less likely to have symptoms of major depressive disorder two years later, the study found."
      Click on this link to read the Medscape article..
      Click this link to download the pdf of the study..

      NY Times "the Right Dose of Exercise for a longer life"

      4/25/15
      A well written NY Times article examining two studies that investigated how much exercise is needed to improve health and decrease morbidity.
      Click this link to download the pdf of the study..

      Walking Groups are a safe way to improve health

      1/21/15
      A study published in the journal in the British Journal of Sports Medicne shows that People can lower their blood pressure, resting heart rate, body fat, weight and total cholesterol by joining outdoor walking groups.
      Click this link to download the pdf of the study..

      Exercise reduces symptoms and improves cognitive function in children with ADHD

      1/21/15
      A study published in the journal Pediatrics shows that regular exercise reduces symptoms of ADHD in children with ADHD and improves children's cognitive functions.
      Click this link to read about the study..
      Click this link to go to the article in the Pediatrics..
      Click this link to download the pdf of the study..

      Exercise Boosts Kids' Cognitive Performance, Brain Function

      10/2/14
      Medscape reports that "Moderate to vigorous physical exercise may increase children's cognitive performance and brain function, new research shows. A randomized controlled trial (RCT) of 221 prepubertal children showed that those who participated in a structured afterschool exercise program for 9 months experienced improved executive function, including cognitive flexibility, compared with their counterparts who did not participate in the program."
      Click this link to read the APA cover story.

      The Exercise Effect on attention, mood, and anxiety

      10/1/14
      The American Psychological Association reports that "Evidence is mounting for the benefits of exercise, yet psychologists don’t often use exercise as part of their treatment arsenal. Here’s more research on why they should."
      Click this link to read the APA cover story.

      Walking, biking to work seems to have mental health benefits

      9/16/14
      "Daily commuters who stopping driving to work and started walking or riding a bike were under less stress and were able to concentrate better, the study showed. And the authors noted that using public transportation also resulted in an improvement in commuters' psychological well-being."
      Click this link to listen to read about the study.

      From Science Friday: Exercise the miracle cure

      12/1/13
      From NPR "Sports medicine doctor Jordan Metzl says he's found a miracle drug that prevents almost every illness, is 100 percent effective, and has very few side effects: exercise. In his new book The Exercise Cure, he prescribes specific cardio and strength training regimens to treat everything from depression and stress to heart disease and diabetes."
      Click this link to listen to Science Friday.

      New Research: Exercise helps students learn.

      4/8/13
      A little exercise right before studying helps children with ADHD learn. This small study found that 20 minutes of exercise right before studying help students improve their attention.
      Click this link to read about the study.

      New Research: Playing in the Grass may ease ADHD

      9/5/12
      My patients know that I strongly encourage regular exercise and Vitamin D (from sunlight). Many of my patients are what we call "summer kids", meaning that over the summer, they are happier, less anxious, and more up in their moods. The combination of exercise, sunlight (vitamin D), and fresh air does wonders. This study from last year shows a similar effect for children with ADHD.
      Click this link to read about the study.

      Exercise grows the brain

      2/4/11
      In a new study older adults who walked for 40 minutes 3 times a week showed growth in their hippocampus.
      To listen to an NPR story about the study click this link.

      Exercise and Positive environments help protect against mood problems

      11/23/10
      Is it possible that exercise or other positive changes to our environment can help build up resistance to stress-induced depression? Dr. Michael Lehmann is with a team of National Institute of Mental Health scientists investigating how our brains process the connection between a positive environment and fighting off depression.
      click here to listen to a talk about the study and read the transcript

      Exercise helps grow new brain cells and moderates depression

      11/23/10
      A recent study has found that exercise helps grow new brain cells and that exercise helps moderate depression. This mouse study exposed mice to a toxic environment (bullying) that lead to depressive behavior. When these mice were then placed in an enriched environment and allowed to exercise their moods and behavior improved in part due to new brain growth. Mice that were placed in the same enriched environment but were genetically modified to not be able to grow new brain cells did not show an improvement in their mood or behavior.
      The authors of the study "point out that in humans, physical exercise and positive psychosocial activity have beneficial effects on depression and stress resilience. Forms of entertainment that encourage mental activity, according to Lehmann, such as reading, video games, exercise and outdoor recreation could have longer lasting changes for many suffering from mild depressive symptoms than pharmacologic treatment, without the accompanying side effects."
      Click this link to read the story.

    Family Structure

      Parental Monitoring of Children's Media Consumption related on childhood Obesity

      3/27/14
      New research shows a link between parents who monitor their children's media consumption and their children's body mass index. Specifically, children whose mothers pay close attention to how much time they spend watching TV and playing video games tend to weigh less.
      To read about the study click this link.

      Children with family routines more emotionally and socially advanced

      3/15/14
      New research shows that children who engage in family routines with their families tend to be emotionally healthier and better adjusted socially than children who do not have such routines. Researchers examined how often children participated in five family routines: having dinner as a family at least five times a week; reading, storytelling or singing at least three times a week; and playing at least a few times a week. The researchers found that only 11% of the children who had no family routines had high social-emotional health, compared with 25% of those whose families engaged in all five routines.
      To read about the study click this link.

    Healthy Homes

      Flame retardant chemicals may affect social behavior in young children

      3/18/17
      "Some chemicals added to furniture, electronics and numerous other goods to prevent fires may have unintended developmental consequences for young children, according to a pilot study released today. Researchers from Oregon State University found a significant relationship between social behaviors among children and their exposure to widely used flame retardants, said Molly Kile, an environmental epidemiologist and associate professor in the College of Public Health and Human Sciences at OSU. "When we analyzed behavior assessments and exposure levels, we observed that the children who had more exposure to certain types of the flame retardant were more likely to exhibit externalizing behaviors such as aggression, defiance, hyperactivity, inattention and bullying," said Kile, the corresponding author of the study, which was published today in the journal Environmental Health. "
      To read about the study click this link.

      Healthy Homes, Healthy Families: A Guide to Protecting your Family's Health By Making Your Home A Safer Environment

      6/10/14
      The Coalition to Prevent Lead Poisoning (CPLP) and the Rochester Healthy Homes Partnership are pleased to announce the publication of the newly revised "Healthy Homes, Healthy Families: A Guide to Protecting your Family's Health By Making Your Home A Safer Environment." The full-color 32-page booklet includes practical tips for reducing environmental hazards in your home and regional information from organizations that offer resources to improve home health.

      Available in English and Spanish, the "Healthy Homes, Healthy Families" guide covers ways to reduce asthma triggers, improve indoor air quality, reduce lead paint poisoning hazards, as well as reducing general home hazards including safe water temperatures, safe sleeping practices for babies, household chemicals, pesticides and poisons. The guide also provides information about summer meal programs and regional farmers markets, legal and financial information, and national and state healthy housing resources.

      To request free copies of the "Healthy Homes, Healthy Families" resource guide, please call (585) 224-3125.
      Downloadable PDFs are also available on the Coalition to Prevent Lead Poisoning's web site at www.letsmakeleadhistory.org.

      Click this link to download the guide in English

      Click this link to download the guide in Spanish

    Meditation

      NIH: Meditation in Depth

      3/31/17
      NIH page on Meditation"
      To read about the study click this link.

      How meditation changes the Brain and Body

      2/9/17
      From the NY Times "The benefits of mindfulness meditation, increasingly popular in recent years, are supposed to be many: reduced stress and risk for various diseases, improved well-being, a rewired brain. But the experimental bases to support these claims have been few. Supporters of the practice have relied on very small samples of unrepresentative subjects, like isolated Buddhist monks who spend hours meditating every day, or on studies that generally were not randomized and did not include placebo­ control groups."
      To read about the study click this link.

      Music and Meditation May Slow Cognitive Decline

      2/1/17
      Medscape reports that "Practicing simple meditation or listening to music may help reverse early memory loss in adults with subjective cognitive decline (SCD), according to the results of a pilot study. SCD, in which people feel that their memory is becoming impaired, may be a harbinger of Alzheimer's disease, the researchers, led by Kim E. Innes, PhD, from West Virginia University, Morgantown, write an article published online January 18 in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease."
      To read about the study click this link.

      Mindfullness Meditation offers relief for low-back pain

      3/27/16
      "Mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) may prove more effective than usual treatment in alleviating chronic low-back pain, according to a new study funded by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), part of the National Institutes of Health."
      To read about the study click this link.

      Meditation helps with sleep disturbance and cuts fatigue

      2/23/15
      Medscape reports that "Older adults who follow a mindful meditation program have improved sleep quality as well as less daytime fatigue and depression compared with their counterparts who take part in a sleep hygiene education (SHE) program, new research shows."
      To read about the study click this link.

      Mindfulness Training may help Focus Attention

      1/25/14
      Mindfulness training may help college students tame a wandering mind, new research hints. University of Miami students who participated in brief mindfulness training (MT) during an academic semester said they felt more "on task" after the training period – a feeling backed up by an objective test of mind wandering.
      To read about the study click this link.

      Mindfulness Meditation may ease Depression, Anxiety, Pain

      1/10/14
      A new systematic review and meta-analysis, shows that meditation may provide small to moderate improvement in negative aspects of psychological stress, including anxiety, depression, and even pain in some individuals. As reported by Medscape "In this study the investigators reviewed 47 randomized clinical trials that included a total of 3515 participants. Most of the trials ranged from 3 weeks to 5.4 years in length, although most of them were short term. The 2 types of meditation in the trials were mantra meditation and mindfulness meditation. The research showed low evidence of no effect or insufficient evidence of any effect on psychological stress and well-being outcomes for mantra meditation programs. Mindfulness meditation programs, on the other hand, showed moderate evidence of improved anxiety. In addition, mindfulness meditation improved depression and also pain. The researchers also found that mindfulness meditation showed "low evidence" of improving stress, distress, and mental health–related quality of life, as well as low evidence of no effect or insufficient evidence of an effect on positive mood, attention, sleep, and weight."
      Click this link to read the story.

    Mediterranean Diet

      Lower Adherence to a mediterranean Diet Linked to ADHD

      2/11/17
      Medscape reports that "A new cross-sectional study shows a higher risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among children and adolescents who are less adherent to a Mediterranean diet than those who are more adherent to the diet. "Previous studies done in other countries showed that low-quality diets are persistently associated with a higher risk of ADHD [but] no studies had been done regarding the Mediterranean diet and ADHD," senior author Maria Izquierdo-Pulido, PharmD, PhD, University of Barcelona, Spain, told Medscape Medical News."
      Click this link to read the Medscape article..
      Click this link to read the article..

      Prescribing a Diet to Treat Depression

      2/7/17
      Medscape reports that "Two researchers, Felice Jacka and Michael Berk, led a consortium of Australian Institutions based at the Food & Mood Centre at Deakin University in Victoria, Australia. Over 3 years, they recruited several hundred patients with moderate to severe depression and entered 67 into a 12-week parallel group trial. The treatment group received seven 60-minute sessions of dietary counselling. The parallel control group received a matching social support protocol. All but nine of the 67 participants were receiving another active treatment—either psychotherapy, medications, or both."
      Click on this link to read the Medscape article..
      Click this link to abstract of the study..

      Mediterranean-Style Diet Linked to Higher Total Brain Volume

      1/9/17
      Medscape reports that "More research is suggesting that adherence to a Mediterranean-style diet (MeDi) may be protective for the aging brain. In a cohort of more than 400 individuals from Scotland who were in their 70s, those who were low consumers of the MeDi had significantly lower total brain volume over a 3-year period than those who regularly adhered to this type of diet. Interestingly, an increased consumption of fish or lower consumption of red meat did not drive this finding, "suggesting that other components of the MeDi or, possibly, all of its components in combination are responsible for the association," write the investigators."
      Click on this link to read the Medscape article..
      Click this link to abstract of the study..

      Diet, Exercise can affect the brain at a the molecular level and reduce amyloid buildup

      8/20/16
      Medscape reports that "Modifiable risk factors, such as exercise and consuming a Mediterranean-style diet (MedDiet), can reduce amyloid plaque in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), lowering their risk for conversion to Alzheimer's disease, suggests new imaging research. The small study of 44 participants with MCI or subjective memory impairment (SMI) showed that those with a higher adherence to a MedDiet had significantly lower positron emission tomography (PET) measures of amyloid plaques and tau tangles than those with a lower adherence."
      Click this link to read the story.
      Click this link to read the article.

      Mediterranean Diet linked to larger brain volume

      10/26/15
      Medscape reports that "A new study provides more evidence that following a Mediterranean-type diet (MeDi) is good for the brain. In a multiethnic cohort of elderly dementia-free adults, those more adherent to the MeDi had larger brain volume than their less adherent peers. And the difference between the groups is equal to about 5 years of aging. "Our study adds to the existing literature showing that Mediterranean diet is a healthy diet," Yian Gu, PhD, from Columbia University in New York City, and member of the American Academy of Neurology, told Medscape Medical News."
      Click this link to read the story.
      Click this link to read the article.

      Mediterranean Diet may protect against Breast Cancer

      9/20/15
      Medscape reports that "A Mediterranean diet (MeDiet) appears to protect against more than just cardiovascular disease — it might also prevent breast cancer, according to results from the randomized controlled Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea (PREDIMED) trial. The diet is characterized by an abundance of plant foods, fish, and olive oil, and has been repeatedly shown to be cardioprotective in major clinical trials. The PREDIMED study — conducted from 2003 to 2009 — is one of those trials. It was stopped early because of the cardiovascular benefit seen with a MeDiet, compared with a low-fat diet. The researchers now report on breast cancer incidence — a secondary outcome. And the news is promising. "The results of the PREDIMED trial suggest a beneficial effect of a MeDiet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil in the primary prevention of breast cancer," write the study authors, led by Miguel Á. Martínez-González, MD, from the Instituto de Salud Carlos III in Madrid."
      Click this link to read the story.

      Mediterranean Diet with Nuts, Olive Oil linked to better Cognition

      5/14/15
      Medscape reports that "Adding nuts and olive oil to a Mediterranean diet could protect cognitive function in older adults, new research suggests. The study showed that adding nuts to the Mediterranean diet boosted measures of memory, while supplementing the diet with extra-virgin olive oil improved global and frontal cognition. The results suggest that nutritional interventions to protect brain function should be started "at the preclinical stage, before any impairment," even in older adults, said study author Emilio Ros, MD, PhD, consultant, Endocrinology Department, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain."
      Click this link to read the story.

      Mediterranean Diet Linked to Larger Brain Volume in Elderly

      5/2/15
      Medscape reports that "Adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MeDi) may prevent brain atrophy in old age, new research suggests. A large cross-sectional study by investigators at Columbia University in New York linked adherence to the MeDI to larger brain volume in an elderly population, suggesting this type of diet has the potential to prevent brain atrophy and, by extension, preserve cognition in the elderly. "Our study suggests that adhering to MeDi may prevent cognitive decline or AD [Alzheimer's disease] by maintaining the brain structure or delaying aging-related atrophy," said study investigator Yian Gu, PhD.".
      Click this link to read the story.

      Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Delays Cognitive Decline in Elderly

      1/15/11
      New Research from Chicago shows that Americans who eat close to a Mediterranean diet show a slower rate of cognitive decline over time.
      Click this link to read the story.

      Mediterranean Diet May Improve Cognitive Function

      4/29/10
      A new study finds that older adults eating a Mediterranean diet (a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, olive oil, legumes, fish, and moderate amounts of wine) appear to have less mental decline with age. Overall the study participants who most closely followed the diet knocked two years off their test scores, so that a 65 year old scored in the typical range for a 63-year-old. The study also found that even individuals who came close to following the diet had benefits, so that strict adherence to the diet was not necessary to receive benefit.
      Click on this link to read about the study

    Nutrition

      Food as a way to treat mental health

      4/15/17
      From the Splendid Table "'The fork … becomes a really nice intervention for a psychiatrist'"
      Click this link to read the article and listen to the podcast.

      Food insecurity in early childhood linked to young children's skills in kindergarten

      4/2/17
      NASAT reports that "In the United States, estimates show that a substantial number of children under age 5 live in households that are food insecure. That means that they do not have food, or they lack sufficient quantity or quality of food to fuel a healthy and active lifestyle. A new study has found that children who experience food insecurity in early childhood are more likely to start kindergarten less ready to learn than their peers from homes that are food secure. The findings come from researchers at Georgetown University and the University of Virginia. They are published in the journal Child Development"
      Click this link to read the article.

      How dietary factors influence disease risk

      3/31/17
      NIH reports that "Having too much sugar, salt, or fat in your diet can raise your risk for certain diseases. Healthy eating can lower your risk for heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and other health conditions. A healthy eating plan emphasizes vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat dairy products; includes lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts; and limits saturated and trans fats, sodium, and added sugars."
      Click this link to read the article.

      Fruit, Veg Consumption May Lower Psychological Stress

      3/29/17
      Medscape reports that "Consumption of fruits and vegetables, either separately or combined, is linked to a lower prevalence of psychological stress primarily in women, results of a large longitudinal study suggest. "Our study, which is based on a large sample of more than 60,000 Australians, adds to the limited evidence base for a longitudinal association between mental well-being and fruit and vegetable intake. Our study is also novel in that it compares findings in men and women," first author Binh Nguyen, a PhD candidate and research officer in the Prevention Research Collaboration at the Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, in Australia, told Medscape Medical News."
      Click this link to read the Medscape article.
      Click this link to read the abstract of the article.

      What's in a School lunch and Who's Eating it

      2/28/16
      Justin Murphy, Democrat and Chronicle, staff writer reports that " No one could say the Greece Athena High School cafeteria was lacking creative and healthy options this day. Yet a quick survey of the cafeteria showed more brown bags than meal trays. h “I’ve got to be honest, I just find it very gross,” 12th-grader Jake McDermott said of the school offerings. “It’s just mass-produced frozen stuff.” h Some of his classmates listed a few entrées they do like: for instance, the turkey paninis and the buffalo chicken pizza. But most said they either brought food from home or skipped lunch altogether. Tyler Graves stood up for the cafeteria food, but even his review wouldn’t play well on Yelp. “At the end of the day, it’s cheap food and it serves its purpose,” he said. “It’s not terrible.”"
      See LUNCH, Page 16A Percentage free and reduced-price among all lunches in Monroe County suburban districts. By the numbers 1.2M the drop in lunches served (16%) in Monroe County’s suburban school districts from 2010-11 to 2014-15 46.4% of school lunches that were free or reduced-price in 2014-15, up from 37.7 in 2011-12 $2.59 average lunch cost in 2015-16, up 38 cents from 2010-11.
      Click this link to read the pdf of the story.
      Click this link to read the pdf of the story.
      Click this link to read the pdf of the story.

      Magnesium Deficiency: The Real Emperor of All Maladies?

      5/13/14
      Occult magnesium deficiency may be responsible for innumerable ailments, but plasma and serum levels are unreliable measures. Dr Lundberg offers his advice for addressing this.
      Click this link to go to the podcast.

      Women: Bananas can fend off strokes

      9/19/14
      Postmenopausal women who eat a lot of potassium-rich foods like bananas, white beans, and sweet potatoes have a lower risk for stroke, according to a new study.
      Click this link to read the abstract of the article.
      Click on this link to read the pdf of the study

      Children who eat Breakfast daily at lower risk for Type 2 Diabetes

      9/7/14
      Medscape reports that "Nine and 10-year-olds who ate breakfast daily, particularly a high-fiber cereal, had lower fasting blood sugar and insulin levels and fewer other risk factors for type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from England."
      Click this link to read the abstract of the article.

      Prenatal use of Folate leads to fewer Autistic traits

      8/30/14
      Medscape reports that "A new study confirms that children of women who take prenatal folic acid supplements have fewer autistic traits. But the link isn't explained by maternal folate concentrations, at least not at 13 weeks of gestational age." The researchers "measured folate concentrations in nearly 5,600 mothers for their study, online July 31 in the European Journal of Public Health. The team also surveyed the women about their folic acid supplement use. Later, when their children were an average of six years old, the researchers were able to follow up with 3900 mothers to ask them to assess their children's autistic traits. The mothers scored their children according to the Social Responsiveness Scale and a subscale of the Child Behavior Checklist. They found that women who started using folic acid supplements before conception, within the first 10 weeks of pregnancy or after the first 10 weeks all had children with lower scores on the autistic traits scales than those who did not report taking the supplements."
      Click this link to read the abstract of the article.

      Eat, Play, Grow

      3/29/14
      A fun and family friendly page from the Check out these resources from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) to help families and communities better understand nutrition and the important role healthy eating plays in maintaining a healthy weight.
      Click the link the go to the page..

      A Mother's Depression, Poor Diet affect Children's Cognitive Function

      2/17/14
      Depression during pregnancy may contribute to poor eating habits among women, this then can have a negative impact on their child's cognitive function later in life, new research suggests. Investigators at King's College London in the United Kingdom found that women who had symptoms of depression during pregnancy were more likely to have unhealthy diets and that the children of these mothers had lower scores on tests for cognitive functioning at age 8 years. The researcher's studied 6979 mother-child pairs participating in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) in the United Kingdom. Maternal symptoms of depression were assessed 5 times between 18 weeks' gestation and when the child was 33 months old. The women completed a food questionnaire to assess their eating habits at 32 weeks' gestation and again when their child was 47 months old. The children's cognitive function was assessed at age 8 years. The researchers defined a healthy diet as one with nutrient-rich foods, with limited intake of salt, solid fats, and added sugar. An unhealthy diet was defined as being high in saturated fat, trans fat, salt, and added sugar.
      Click the link the read the abstract of the study.

      Multivitamin Use Linked to Lowered Cancer Risk

      11/2/12
      Daily multivitamin use has been found to lower the risk of cancer. The NY Times reports that "After a series of conflicting reports about whether vitamin pills can stave off chronic disease, researchers announced on Wednesday that a large clinical trial of nearly 15,000 older male doctors followed for more than a decade found that those taking a daily multivitamin experienced 8 percent fewer cancers than the subjects taking dummy pills."
      Click the link the read the NY Times article.

      Diet and Mood connected

      10/18/11
      Two new studies have shown a connection between diet and better mental health.

      Medscape reports that in the first study based on work with Australian adolescents that the authors "found individuals with better quality diets were less likely to be depressed, whereas a higher intake of processed and unhealthy foods was associated with increased anxiety," the researchers write that the researchers found "that better diet quality was associated with better mental health in adolescents cross-sectionally and over time."

      The researcher's found that it might be possible to prevent depression by having adolescents eat diets that have sufficient nutrition. A healthy diet in this study was defined in this study as "one that included fruit and vegetables as "core food groups" and included both 2 or more servings of fruit per day and 4 or more servings of vegetables, as well as general avoidance of processed foods including chips, fried foods, chocolate, sweets, and ice cream." In the longitudinal study, adolescents who followed this diet over time showed improvements in their mental health. Adolescents who ate a poor diet showed worsening in their mental health over time.

      In the second study, the same authors looked at Norwegian adult men and women. In this study Medscape reports that the authors found that "individuals with better quality diets were less likely to be depressed, whereas a higher intake of processed and unhealthy foods was associated with increased anxiety."
      Click this link to download and read a pdf file of the Medscape article on this topic.

      USDA Ditches Food Pyramid for a Healthy Plate

      6/2/11
      USDA reveals new food plate. The Food Pyramid is out and the plate is in. The USDA has released its new food plate, a visual interpretation of how and what we should be eating for optimal health.
      Click on this link to read about the new food plate
      To go to the USDA website click this link.

    Omega 3s

      Fish-rich diet may significantly reduce depression risk

      9/16/15
      Medscape reports that "Eating fish may protect against depression, a new meta-analysis suggests. "Fish is rich in multiple beneficial nutrients, including n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, high-quality protein, vitamins, and minerals. Furthermore, fish have been hypothesized to protect against chronic diseases generally, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. Therefore, we suggest people should eat more fish," first author Fang Li, from the Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Medical College of Qingdao University, in China, told Medscape Medical News."
      Click on this link, to read the article.

      Fatty Fish May Boost Antidepressant Response

      10/24/14
      Medscape reports that "Alterations in fatty acid (FA) metabolism and the way it is regulated by cortisol may be linked to response to antidepressant treatment in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). In addition, increasing fatty fish intake may "boost" treatment response, new research suggests."
      Click this link to press release about the study.

      Omega-3 Fatty Acid linked to Brain Volume

      1/27/14
      Total normal brain and hippocampus volumes were directly associated with levels of omega-3 fatty acids in a study of more than 1000 postmenopausal women. The study, published online in Neurology on January 22, was conducted by a team led by James Pottala, PhD, University of South Dakota, Sioux Falls. Medscape reports that "These results are consistent with the idea that higher omega-3 levels may slow the loss of brain volume that occurs as we age," senior author, William Harris, PhD, also from the University of South Dakota, told Medscape Medical News.
      Click this link to read the abstract.

      Omega 3s found to reduce anxiety and inflammation

      12/27/12
      A new study gauging the impact of consuming more fish oil showed a marked reduction both in inflammation and, surprisingly, in anxiety among a cohort of healthy young people.
      Click on this link, to read an NPR story on this research.

      New Study shows the Omega 3s are effective in treating the symptoms of ADHD

      10/16/12
      A new study in Nutrition suggests that high intake of omega-3 fatty acids, particularly DHA helps improve the condition of ADHD. More specifically the researchers found increased intake of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) was associated with improved word reading and better behaviors.
      Click this link to read the article.

      New Meta-analysis shows Omega 3s effective in treatment of ADHD

      9/11/11
      Click this link to go to the study

      Study links low Omega 3 levels to suicide risk among U.S. military personnel

      8/29/11
      A new study in the military matched 800 members of the military who had committed suicide with 800 service members who had not. The study found that those with the lowest DHA levels had the highest rate of suicide. The study also found overall low levels of Omega 3s among all participants DHA is the major Omega 3 fatty acid concentrated in the brain.
      Click on this link, to read the press release from the NIMH.

      Omega 3s slow macular degeneration in older eyes

      3/15/11
      New research finds that older individuals who eat fish on a regular basis had less macular degeneration that other older individuals who did not. Specifically the researchers found that "The women who ate more tuna and dark-meat fish, like salmon and sardines, had 38 percent less risk of developing age-related macular degeneration. Darker, oilier fish have more of the long-chain omega-3s DHA and EPA, which have been associated with reduced inflammation. Inflammation is probably part of the disease process for macular degeneration, which destroys the central part of the retina crucial for vision."
      Click on this link, to read an NPR story on this research.

    Organic Foods

      NPR: Is Organic More Nutritious? New Study Adds To The Evidence

      2/23/16
      NPR reports that a recent study found that "The study finds that organic dairy and meat contain about 50 percent more omega-3 fatty acids. The increase is the result of animals foraging on grasses rich in omega-3s, which then end up in dairy and meats. The findings are based on data pooled from more than 200 studies, and research in the U.S. has pointed to similar benefits."
      Click on this link to read the story.

      Phthalates Linked to Testosterone Reductions in Both Genders

      8/20/14
      Medscape reports that "Increased urinary levels of endocrine-disrupting phthalates, found in flexible plastic and some personal-care products, are associated with significant declines in testosterone levels not just in men, but in women and children as well, according to research published online August 14 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. "We found associations between markers of phthalate exposure and testosterone levels among multiple age groups and in both sexes, including children — 6- to 12-year-old boys and girls, and girls ages 12 to 20," lead author John D. Meeker, ScD, CIH, told Medscape Medical News.
      Click on this link to read the abstract of the article.

      Avoid BPA

      3/30/11
      A new research study finds that families can avoid the hormone-disrupting chemical bisphenol A (BPA) by giving up on canned foods and food and beverages prepared and packaged using plastic containers. In this study families who changed their diet avoided the above foods and ate more freshly prepared, organic foods. The researchers found a 60% drop in BPA in three days.
      Click on this link, to download a pdf of a medscape article on the study.

    Pregnancy

      Dietary Supplement Kit may head off Postpartum blues

      3/14/17
      Medscape reports that "A dietary supplement kit containing tryptophan, tyrosine, and blueberry juice/extract appears to markedly reduce vulnerability to postpartum blues (PPB), a new open-label study suggests. "The supplement taken on days 3 to 5 post partum had a very strong effect on preventing sad mood in postpartum," Dr Jeffrey Meyer, head of the neuroimaging program in mood and anxiety at the Center for Addiction and Mental Health, Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, Toronto, Canada, told Medscape Medical News."
      Click this link to read the abstract of the study.
      Click this link to read the study.

      1 in 9 new mothers suffer from Postpartum Depression

      2/21/17
      Medscape reports that "Approximately one in nine women in the United States experience depressive symptoms after giving birth, according to a surveillance analysis published in the February 17, 2017 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. However, the proportion of mothers who experience postpartum depression has recently declined in some states. The overall prevalence of self-reported postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS) was 11.5% in 2012 for the 27 states included in the current analysis. Individual states showed wide variation, however, ranging from a low of 8.0% in Georgia to a high of 20.1% in Arkansas, according to data from the CDC Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System."
      Click this link to read the abstract of the study.
      Click this link to read the study.

      Is licorice intake during pregnancy linked to ADHD in offspring?

      2/17/17
      NASAT reports that "There is an abundance of foods that should be avoided during pregnancy, and a new study suggests that licorice should sit firmly in this category. Researchers have found that children born to mothers who consume large amounts of licorice during pregnancy may be more likely to develop behaviors associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Study co-author Katri Räikkönen, from the University of Helsinki in Finland, and colleagues hypothesize that glycyrrhizin (the active ingredient in licorice) may interfere with fetal neurodevelopment by increasing levels of "the stress hormone" cortisol. The researchers recently reported their findings in the American Journal of Epidemiology. Though licorice is often hailed for its medicinal benefits - such as the alleviation of peptic ulcers and canker sores - studies have indicated that the plant-derived product has some downsides."
      Click this link to read about the report..

      Flu in Pregnancy May Quadruple Child’s Risk for Bipolar Disorder

      5/29/13
      Pregnant mothers’ exposure to the flu was associated with a nearly fourfold increased risk that their child would develop bipolar disorder in adulthood, in a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. The findings add to mounting evidence of possible shared underlying causes and illness processes with schizophrenia, which some studies have also linked to prenatal exposure to influenza.
      “Prospective mothers should take common sense preventive measures, such as getting flu shots prior to and in the early stages of pregnancy and avoiding contact with people who are symptomatic,” said Alan Brown, M.D., M.P.H, of Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, a grantee of the NIH’s National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). “In spite of public health recommendations, only a relatively small fraction of such women get immunized. The weight of evidence now suggests that benefits of the vaccine likely outweigh any possible risk to the mother or newborn.”
      Click this link to read more about the study.
      Click this link to read an abstract of the article.

      Perinatal Antidepressant Stunts Brain Development in Rats

      10/21/11
      In a study from 2011 Rats exposed to an antidepressant just before and after birth showed substantial brain abnormalities and behaviors.
      Click this link to read about the study.

    Preschool

      High-quality preschool program produces long-term economic payoff

      3/8/11
      An early education program for children from low-income families is estimated to generate $4 to $11 of economic benefits over a child's lifetime for every dollar spent initially on the program, according to a cost-benefit analysis funded by the National Institutes of Health. In the study, the researchers evaluated the effectiveness of the Chicago Public Schools federally funded Child-Parent Centers, The Child-Parent centers were staffed by certified teachers, and offered instruction in reading and math, as well as educational field trips. The centers provided meals and health screening for children ages 3 through 9, and they also provided skills training for parents. The researchers found that the economic benefits included increased earning power, once the children become adults. Benefits also included reduced costs to society, for example less special education and less interaction with the judicial system.
      Click this link to read about the study.
      Click this link to listen to an mp3 audio report about the story.

    Probiotics

      Probiotics may offer help with treating mental illness

      12/2/13
      Probiotics may offer an alternative treatment option for depression and other psychiatric disorders, new research suggests. The article
      shows that, although the research with humans is still limited, that the research that is available shows promise. One example from the
      article is that a study with 124 volunteers (mean age, 61.8 years) showed that those who consumed probiotic-containing yogurt for 3 weeks had
      significantly improved mood compared with those who received placebo.
      Click this link to read the abstract of the study

    Puberty

      Early Puberty in Girls Raises the Risk of Depression

      6/21/16
      The NY Times reports that "When girls come in for their physical exams, one of the questions I routinely ask is “Do you get your period?” I try to ask before I expect the answer to be yes, so that if a girl doesn’t seem to know about the changes of puberty that lie ahead, I can encourage her to talk about them with her mother, and offer to help answer questions. And I often point out that even those who have not yet embarked on puberty themselves are likely to have classmates who are going through these changes, so, again, it’s important to let kids know that their questions are welcome, and will be answered accurately."
      Click this link to read about the study.

      Boys Now Enter Puberty Younger, Study Suggests, but It’s Unclear Why

      10/20/12
      A new study echoing research on girls, shows that on average American boys are beginning puberty earlier than in the past. On average, the study found that black boys in the study showed signs of puberty, primarily identified as growth of the testicles, at a little older than 9, while white and Hispanic boys were a little older than 10. This compares with the the fact that historically boys have started puberty at 11 ½ years of age.
      Click this link to read about the study.
      Click this link to read the abstract of the study.

    Sleep

      Untreated sleep apnea in children can harm brain cells tied to cognition and mood

      4/2/17
      NASAT reports that "A study comparing children between 7 and 11 years of age who have moderate or severe obstructive sleep apnea to children the same age who slept normally, found significant reductions of gray matter -- brain cells involved in movement, memory, emotions, speech, perception, decision making and self-control -- in several regions of the brains of children with sleep apnea. The finding points to a strong connection between this common sleep disturbance, which affects up to five percent of all children, and the loss of neurons or delayed neuronal growth in the developing brain. This extensive reduction of gray matter in children with a treatable disorder provides one more reason for parents of children with symptoms of sleep apnea to consider early detection and therapy"
      Click this link to read the article..

      Poor sleep in early childhood may lead to cognitive, behavioral problems in later years

      2/14/17
      NASAT reports that "A study led by a Massachusetts General Hospital pediatrician finds that children ages 3 to 7 who don't get enough sleep are more likely to have problems with attention, emotional control and peer relationships in mid-childhood. Reported online in the journal Academic Pediatrics, the study found significant differences in the responses of parents and teachers to surveys regarding executive function -- which includes attention, working memory, reasoning and problem solving -- and behavioral problems in 7-year-old children depending on how much sleep they regularly received at younger ages. "We found that children who get an insufficient amount of sleep in their preschool and early school-age years have a higher risk of poor neurobehavioral function at around age 7," says Elsie Taveras, MD, MPH, chief of General Pediatrics at MassGeneral Hospital for Children , who led the study. "The associations between insufficient sleep and poorer functioning persisted even after adjusting for several factors that could influence the relationship.""
      Click this link to read the article..

      How Sleep resets the brain

      2/14/17
      The NIMH reports that "People spend about a third of their lives asleep. When we get too little shut-eye, it takes a toll on attention, learning and memory, not to mention our physical health. Virtually all animals with complex brains seem to have this same need for sleep. But exactly what is it about sleep that’s so essential?"
      Click this link to read the article..

      Sleep Deprived Children are more tempted by Food

      8/31/15
      Children who don't get enough sleep might be more tempted by food, a new study suggests. Five-year-olds who slept less than 11 hours a night were more eager to eat at the sight or reminder of a favorite snack, compared to those who slept longer, researchers reported August 11 in the International Journal of Obesity.
      Click this link to read the article..

      What happens in the brain when we Sleep

      5/19/15
      A helpful article explaining sleep and what happens in the brain when we sleep.
      Click this link to read the article..

      Teenagers increasingly sleep-deprived

      2/23/15
      Medscape reports that "US adolescents became progressively more sleep-deprived after 1990, researchers report in an article published online February 16 in Pediatrics. Girls were more likely to be affected than boys, as were racial/ethnic minorities, city dwellers, and those from poor families. Teenagers from racial/ethnic minorities and from poor families were likely to think they were getting enough sleep even when they were not. Katherine M. Keyes, PhD, assistant professor of epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in New York City, and colleagues analyzed data from 1991 through 2012 on 272,077 adolescents from Monitoring the Future, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of adolescent birth cohorts. Participants were asked how often they got at least 7 hours of sleep per night, and how often they got less sleep than they should. The National Sleep Foundation recommends 9 hours of sleep per night for adolescents.".
      Click this link to read about the study.

      Young adults who exercise strenuously before night get better sleep

      7/5/14
      Young adults who exercised vigorously before bed ended up getting better sleep than their peers who reported less strenuous evening activity, a new study found. The results, based on sleep patterns during a single night, go against the usual advice to avoid being too active before bed.
      Click this link to read about the study.

      Nighttime light may alter circadian rhythm and lead to Obesity

      4/8/14
      New research suggests that the light from a computer screen or a street light can affect an individuals circadian rhytym and lead to later obesity.
      Click this link to read the study.

      TV Time linked to less sleep for kids

      3/16/14
      A new study from Spain shows the children who watch more daily TV get less sleep then their peers who watch less. The study found that 9 year olds who watched 5 hours of TV a day, for example, slept on average one hour less a night than nine year olds who only watched less than an hour and a half of TV a day. The American Academy of Pediatrics estimates that the average child spends 8 hours a day in front of a screen.
      Click this link to read about the study.

      Study shows kids who unplug sleep better than kids who are plugged in

      1/29/14
      Medscape reports that "Kids who regularly plugged into social networking sites before bedtime reported sleeping nearly an hour less on school nights than those who rarely connected online, a new study shows. "Using technology in the bedroom may result in sleep loss, delays in initiating sleep, daytime sleepiness and more," the study's lead author, Teresa Arora, told Reuters Health in an email. "In turn, this may affect daytime performance, particularly at school," Arora, from Weill Cornell Medical College in Doha, Qatar, said. The researchers found kids ages 11 to 13 slept significantly less when they frequently communicated on a cell phone, surfed the Internet, played video games, watched television, listened to music and even if they used a computer to study before going to bed. Social networking was associated with the biggest loss of sleep. Those who said they usually connected to friends online before getting into bed reported sleeping the least - an average of 8 hours and 10 minutes a night - compared with 9 hours and 2 minutes among those who never connected.
      Click this link to read about the study.

      Sleep deprived teens struggle with behavior and emotions

      12/3/13
      Another study again shows the importance of sleep and teens learning and emotions. Generally teens are recommended to receive 9 hours a night of sleep. Research shows that one quarter of adolescents go to bed after 11:30 on school nights, according to a new U.S. study, which also finds those kids tend to perform worse in school and to have greater emotional distress than peers who go to bed earlier. Medscape reports that "If teens' sleep patterns are in conflict with their natural circadian rhythms, then that also has repercussions on cognitive function and emotional regulation as well as potential health consequences," said Dr. Judith Owens, director of Sleep Medicine at the Children's National Medical Center in Washington, DC, who was not involved in the study."
      Click this link to read about the study.

      New Research shows media in the bedroom disrupts sleep in boys, particularly boys with Autism Spectrum Disorders

      12/2/13
      Sleep in important. Past research has shown that having screens in bedrooms lead to less sleep. This maybe because the light from the screens disrupt the light sensitive hormone system that helps us fall asleep, or because we are doing other things (playing video games, watching TV, etc...) that keep us awake. This new research compared boys with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), or with ADHD, with normal peers. The research showed that In all 3 groups, bedroom access to media was associated with less time spent sleeping each night. Boys with a computer in their room got 7.9 hours of sleep nightly compared with 8.7 hours for boys who did not have a computer. Boys with an in-room video game system got 8.3 hours of shuteye nightly on average compared with 8.8 for boys without a video game system in their room. The research also showed that of the 3 groups the boys with ASD got the least amount of sleep in each condition compared with the boys with ADHD and the normal controls.
      Click this link to read about the study.

      New Research shows how sleep can help clean the brain

      11/25/13
      While we all know that sleep is important, new research from the University of Rochester suggests that sleep actually helps clean out the brain. Dr. Maiken Nedergaard and her colleagues at the U of R Medical Center recently discovered a system that drains waste products from the brain. Cerebrospinal fluid, a clear liquid surrounding the brain and spinal cord, moves through the brain along a series of channels that surround blood vessels. The system is managed by the brain’s glial cells, and so the researchers called it the glymphatic system. The researchers found that this system is much more active when mouse sleep.
      Click this link to read about the study.
      Click this link to read more about the brain cleaning system.

      Early Sleep problems may be predictive of later need for Special Education

      9/9/12
      A new study from England has found strong support for an association between early childhood sleep problems and later Special Education Needs on a population basis. The authors note the need for "early screening, because early treatment is often effective" for sleep disordered breathing and behavioral sleep problems."
      Click this link to read about the study.
      Click this link to read the Abstract from the Study in Pediatrics.

      Natural ways to deal with sleep problems

      11/24/11
      A nice review of natural ways to help with sleep
      Click here for more information on natural ways to help with sleep.

      Types of sleep problems

      11/24/11
      A slide show review of sleep problems, including the types of sleep disorders, and some treatment suggestions.
      Click here to see the slide show.

      New Research: College Students face Sleep Problems

      9/16/11
      College students face sleep problems, particularly freshman in college. However addressing these problems through education can also help address other problems that they might be experiencing.
      To read more about the study click this link.

      Tired Neurons Caught Nodding Off in Sleep-deprived Rats

      9/14/11
      A new study in rats is shedding light on how sleep-deprived lifestyles might impair functioning without people realizing it. The more rats are sleep-deprived, the more some of their neurons take catnaps - with consequent declines in task performance. Even though the animals are awake and active, brainwave measures reveal that scattered groups of neurons in the thinking part of their brain, or cortex, are briefly falling asleep, scientists funded by the National Institutes of Health have discovered.
      To read more about the study click this link.

      Teens with sleep problems have higher rates of suicidal thoughts

      2/5/11
      New research finds a correlation between teens with sleep problems and teens who later thought about attempting suicide.
      To read more about the study click this link.

      Delaying school start time helps teens learn

      7/19/10
      New Research suggests that slightly modifying school start times can improve adolescent sleep and adolescent learning.
      Click this link to read the story

      Sleep and ADHD

      6/19/10
      New research identifies the connections between problems with sleep and ADHD behaviors. A recent study has found that children with ADHD as a group tended to get less sleep than their same age peers.
      Click this link to read about the study.

      Sleep Disorder

      Sleep Disorders are a growing field. Many of my patients struggle with sleep and while many do not have specific sleep disorders, there lack of sleep significantly interferes with their performance and learning and worsens their other problems. The following video from Frontline explores Adolescents and Sleep, and how a lack of sleep seriously interferes with learning and behavior.




Health News

FDA proposes new rule on antibacterial hand soaps and body washes

12/17/13
In good news on many fronts, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has issued a proposed rule to require manufacturers of antibacterial hand soaps and body washes to demonstrate that their products are safe for long-term daily use and more effective than plain soap and water in preventing illness and the spread of certain infections. Under the proposal, if companies do not demonstrate such safety and effectiveness, these products would need to be reformulated or relabeled to remain on the market.
Click this link to read the FDA press release

New State Score Card on Health

Children who grow up in New England and the Upper Midwest get better health care than children in other states, especially those who live in the South and Southwest. That’s according to a new report card that ranks all the states based on their children’s health care policies.
Click on this link to read the story
.

© Copyright, all rights reserved Daniel J. DeMarle, Ph.D. 2014